Amsterdam has been always an important city worldwide, and it always has been in the eyes of the world, during the 17th century the city was the centre of the world economic and in those days; nowadays, it is one of the most tolerant cities in the world. Amsterdam city was influenced in its history by several issues.
The early beginnings of Amsterdam
The history of Amsterdam begins in the 12 century, when the area was barely habitable. At the end of the century a settlement was established in the zone (the area was humid because of the several rivers that intersect there) and built a dam near the Amstel River that is why the town took the name of Amsterdam. This dam is still the most important part of the city.
Around 1420 the town needed to grow again so the population built another dam, but although the population was growing the economy of the town did not grow at all. The economy of the city began its development just after Amsterdam became a part of the Burgundian Empire in the 15th century, the port of the city was important during that time. Amsterdam grew a lot becoming into the biggest city in Holland.
In the 16th century, Europe suffered some changes that affected Amsterdam. The Low Countries seceded from Spain after the “the Eighty Years” war, leaving aside Catholicism, after this Amsterdam was finally united to the rest of the Low Countries (1578). During that time Holland became into the most tolerant country where all people was welcome.
Amsterdam Golden Age
As Portugal was annexed to Spain in 1580 The Dutch had to take its own route to the Indies, the first trip departed from Amsterdam and was a major success, that cause that Amsterdam grew economically. The 17th century was the golden period of Amsterdam in which the population grew, until 1672 were the powerful Netherlands get involved in war against France and England at the same time that marked the end of the prosperity of Amsterdam because the harbor was inaccessible form the Dutch Indies and changed the way economics goes that ended becoming Amsterdam into the financial heart of the world.
The time after 1850
Amsterdam developed every aspect of the city and moved on to the industrialization because of the influence that had from Netherlands. After 1850 the city increased in population since people run into the city looking for a job. In 1920 the city forms new districts due to the increase of population. The darkest part of the history of Amsterdam was on 1940 the World War II happened, and Amsterdam had always had a lot of Jewish inhabitants that suffered terrible things on that time.To commemorate the end of that terrible era there are many places, such as: Anne Frankhuis and the National Monument on Dam Square.
Amsterdam is now a cultural centre of Netherlands and is still the most tolerant country of the world.